I am a historian of science, medicine and technology, currently offering courses on various topics at the intersection of science, race, and gender at CEU. In the past decade before coming to Budapest I taught at the Universities of Cambridge and Edinburgh in the UK and held prestigious research fellowships at various European and North American academic institutions (Wellcome Trust, Marie Curie, Fulbright, Carnegie Trust).
My general research interests include: the history of life sciences, psychiatry, eugenics, racial thinking, evolutionary theories, hereditary theories, physical anthropology and ethnography; the history of science, empire, and nationalism; the history and sociology of medicine. More specifically, I am currently exploring the idiosyncratic features of medical and scientific traditions in non-Western multi-national empires – such as Austria-Hungary, Russia, the Ottoman Empire – in the 19th and 20th centuries, placed in a comparative, wider European/global framework. In this context, I organized an international workshop entitled “The History of Science, Race and Empire in Central and Eastern Europe” at CEU (21-22 February, 2014) (See the workshop programme and abstracts in separate documents on my website!) The publication of an edited volume building on the workshop talks is planned for the near future. Employing the same comparative perspective, my current book project focuses on the history of racial thinking and the related biological, human and social sciences in the Hungarian Kingdom between 1867-1918 and beyond.
My teaching experience encompasses: aspects of the history of science; the comprehensive history of medicine in Western society from the ancient Greeks to the present day; the history of psychiatry; gender, science and technology; medical sociology; the history of the body. Currently I offer courses cross-listed at the History and Gender Studies departments. These are: Race and Science (a critical approach to the history of the involvement of different natural and social sciences in the construction of racial categories and theories); Making of the Modern Body (exploring how the making of the modern world transformed the everyday experience of our bodily existence, and concepts and images of the body); Women, Medicine, and Science (exploring the intersection of these areas from historical and sociological perspectives). Crucial to my research and teaching projects are: the application of modern analytical methodologies employed in recent history of science, the placement of the observed sciences into their wider social, political and cultural contexts, and the employment of a comparative perspective in the study.
ACADEMIC POSTS/ AFFILIATIONS
Associate Professor at the Department of History, Central European University, Budapest (2022 – )
Assistant Professor at the Department of History, Central European University, Budapest (2015 –2021)
Visiting Professor at the Department of History, Central European University, Budapest (2014 – 2015)
Lecturer in History and Sociology of Medicine, Science Studies Unit, University of Edinburgh (2006–2011)
Affiliated Research Scholar, Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge (2006 –2012)
FELLOWSHIPS AND GRANTS
International Senior Research Fellowship, Institute of Advanced Study, Durham University, UK, 2017 February — June.
Marie Curie IEF Research Fellow at Central European University, Budapest, 2011 – 2014.
Wellcome Trust Research Fellowship, Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge, 2003 – 2006.
Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland, August 2009.
Strategic Research Support Grant, Edinburgh University, School of Social and Political Studies, Summer 2008.
Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland, Summer 2008.
Visiting researcher at the Maison des Sciences de l’Homme, Paris, November 2001.
Research Associate, Wellcome Centre for the History of Medicine, UCL, London, 2000 – 2001.
Research scholar, Department of English, U. of California, Los Angeles, May-June 1997.
Fulbright Visiting Scholar, Department of English, U. of California, Berkeley, 1996 – 1997.
Undergraduate study with scholarship, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, NY, 1992 – 1993.
Hungarian Psychiatry, Society and Politics in the Long Nineteenth Century. Palgrave Macmillan (November 2021) pp440
Edited books and thematic issues / volumes:
Emese Lafferton (ed.), Race, Science and Medicine in Central and Eastern Europe around 1900. Brill, East Central Europe, Vol. 43 No. 1-2, 2016. pp235.
A. Sinclair, M. Richards and E. Lafferton (eds.) “Eugenics, sex and the state.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 39 (2008): 177-272.
Tatjana Buklijas and Emese Lafferton (eds.) “Science, medicine and nationalism in the Habsburg Empire from the 1840s to 1918.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38 (2007): 679-774.
“The Hygiene of Everyday Life and the Politics of Turn-of-the-Century Psychiatric Expertise in Hungary,” in Ferenc Erős et al. (eds.), Psycho-politics: The Cross-Sections of Science and Ideology in the History of Psy-sciences. CEU Press, 2019, pp.239-255.
“Hisztéria és kísérleti hipnóziskutatás Magyarországon az 1880-as és 1890-es években,” in Ars Hungarica, Vol. 44. No. 4, (2018): 461-481.
“Race, Science and Medicine in Central and Eastern Europe in the Decades around 1900: An Introduction,” in: Race, Science and Medicine in Central and Eastern Europe around 1900. Brill, East Central Europe, Vol. 43 No. 1-2, (2016): 1-13.
“A ‘magyar arc vita.’ Faji gondolkodás a magyar néprajzban és az antropológiában a századfordulón” (The ‘Magyar Face Debate.’ Racial Thinking in Hungarian Ethnography and Anthropology on the Turn of the Century), Korall, 62 (2015) 116-149.
“Hisztériakutatás Magyarországon.” Chapter in: Andrew Scull, A hisztéria felkavaró története (The Unsettling History of Hysteria), pp. 145-167. Budapest: Holnap Kiadó, 2013.
“The Magyar moustache: the faces of Hungarian state formation, 1867–1918.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38 (2007): 706-32.
(Co-authored with T. Buklijas) “Science, medicine and nationalism in the Habsburg Empire from the 1840s to 1918.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38 (2007): 679-86.
“Murder by Hypnosis? Altered States and the Mental Geography of Science,” in Medicine, Madness and Social History: Essays in Memory of Roy Porter. Ed. by John Pickstone and Roberta Bivins, 182-96. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
“What the Files Reveal. The Social Make-Up of Public Mental Asylums in Hungary, 1860s-1910s,” in ‘Moderne' Anstaltspsychiatrie im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert - Legitimation und Kritik (Medizin, Gesellschaft und Geschichte – Beiheft 26). Ed. by Heiner Fangerau and Karen Nolte, 83-103. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2006.
“Death by Hypnosis. The European Reverberations of a Hungarian Case,” in Endeavour 2 (2006) 65-71.
CONFERENCE AND WORKSHOP ORGANISATION
Orginzed the conference on the History of Eugenics and Racial Sciences in Central and Eastern Europe, including a Roundtable Discussion on Anatomical, Medical and Anthropological Museum Collections, CEU, Vienna, 2-3 November 2021.
“The biological and the social between 1900 and the present.” (16 - 21 July 2018, CEU Budapest) Summer university, organised with Tatjana Buklijas, funded by CEU SUN, Fritz Thyssen Stiftung, and the History Department.
Organized the international workshop entitled:
The History of Race, Science, and Empire in Central and Eastern Europe. Central European University, Budapest, 21-22 February, 2014. (Funded by the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no PIEF-GA-2009-255614.).
Co-organized the following international conferences and workshops:
Eugenics, Sex and the State. University of Cambridge, 18-19 January 2007. (Funded by the Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities, Cambridge.)
Heredity, Degeneration and Eugenics. University of Cambridge, 16 March, 2006. (Funded by the Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities, Cambridge.)
Science, medicine, technology and the state in the multinational empires of Central and Eastern Europe, 1848-1918. Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge, 23 June 2006. (Funded by the Wellcome Trust and the Department of HPS, University of Cambridge.)
PSY Studies Seminars. History of Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychoanalysis and Allied Sciences. Dept. of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge, throughout 2005-2006 academic year.
Construction of Psychiatric Knowledge. The Tension between Practice and Theory in Psychiatry at the Turn of the Century. Semmelweis Museum Library and Archives of the History of Medicine, Budapest, 7 May, 2002.
Courses taught in the previous years
Inclusion and Exclusion. Perspectives on Humanity and Race in Modern European History of Ideas and Science (with László Kontler)
The History of Madness
- Race and Science
MA Thesis Seminar I.
TS: Gender History (with Gerhard Jaritz)
Gender, Medicine and Science
- Introduction to History and Sociology of Science (together with Karl Hall)
- The Making of Modern Medicine
Social Engineering in Socialist Czechoslovakia. Biopolitics as a Tool of Transforming and Controlling Gypsy Subjects / Nikola Ludlova (current)